qqmm Interactions polarizable embedding

The coupling between the quantum (QM) and classical (MM) regions is often one of the computational bottlenecks when applying polarizable QM/MM to computational spectroscopy. In this Article, we explore three strategies to approximate the QM/MM coupling based on multipole expansion techniques. The implementations of these approximations are benchmarked in terms of both accuracy and computational efficiency and are furthermore applied to the calculation of spectroscopic properties including both one- and two-photon absorption strengths. We show that the proposed strategies provide significant computational savings without compromising the accuracy of the calculated spectroscopic properties.

Reinholdt, P.; Kongsted, J. & Lipparini, F.
J. Chem. Theory Comput. 18,344-356 (2022) https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.jctc.1c01037

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